Dinosaurs through Time, pt 1

                                                                                                         By Mace Baker        

 

Megalosaurus or “Giant Reptile” was named by William Buckland in 1824.

The skull of Megalosaurus was over 3 ft. long. This great carnosaur had large eyes and sharp serrated teeth. His neck was short and thick. The physical construction of this dinosaur intimates that he was not capable of great speed and, therefore, was probably more of a scavenger than a hunter.

 

Iguanodon or “Iguana Tooth” was named by Gideon Mantell in 1825.

It took Gideon Mantell a long time to demonstrate to the scientific community that his fossil was from a giant reptile. He was finally successful and named it Iguanodon after the Iguana lizardwhich inhabits the jungles of South America. It was the second dinosaur to be named. This large plant eater had long powerful hind limbs and shorter forelimbs. Each hand had four fingers and a thumb. The thumb was actually a spike which may have been used for digging up plant bulbs. The feet had three toes, each possessing a hoof-like nail. The snout ended with a horny beak. The mouth had strong cheek teeth, but no teeth at all in the front of the jaw. The long tail was flattened on the sides. Footprints of Iguanodon have been found on the Isle of Wight.  I. matelli, also found in England, represents a smaller species of Iguanodon being only about 16 feet in length.

 

Hylaeosaurus or “Woodland Reptile” was named by Gideon Mantell in 1833.

The armor of Hylaeosaurus consisted of tough, thick hide with a row of bony spikes protruding from its sides. The skeleton has not been removed from the limestone in which it was found. Nevertheless, there appear to be curved, plate-like bones running down the back. It is likely that these extend into the tail section as well.

 

 

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